PAKISTAN RED CRESCENT

Sindh Provincial Branch

 

Introduction of PRC, Sindh Provincial Branch  

The Pakistan Red Crescent Society was established on 20th December 1947 By Quaid-e-Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah by an order called “Pakistan Red Cross Order” under the Act. of 1920. This Organization was successfully run till February 1974 as “Pakistan Red Cross Society”. The Act of 1920 was amended by the Parliament of Pakistan in February 1974 converting the Red Cross into Red Crescent. The Society is a STATUTORY BODY and not an NGO as perceived by the general public. It has its own National and Provincial constitutions.

 

The original Sindh branch came into being in 1936-37 on the separation of Sindh region from the Bombay presidency. Later on the formation of the one unit of West Pakistan, Sindh branch was also merged with the West Pakistan “Red Cross’ Society (HQ Lahore).The Sindh Provincial branch was re-established in 1972 after the dismemberment of West Pakistan. In accordance with the mandate given in the PRCS act of 1974, new Sindh Provincial branch framed as its own constitution which is in force since 1977.

The Sindh provincial branch of society has autonomous district branches functioning in the province. It is headed by the Governor Sindh, as its president. It has well constituted managing committee headed by the chairman and nominated/elected members. This branch has a long and distinguished record in humanitarian work in the entire province especially in times of disaster & perilous situation. So far 16 district branches have been established in Sindh we are geared for rendering essential services in times of grave calamities and carries out its work through a team of dedicated staff and volunteers.

Its exclusive humanitarian mission is to assist the most vulnerable people and protect the dignity of the suffering humanity during war, conflict, natural and man made disasters. In peacetime it also carries-out Disaster Management (Preparedness, Response/ Relief & Risk Reduction), Health Care, Youth Activities, Emergency Volunteers Corps, Trainings at national and international levels. Moreover, the Movement spreads awareness about International Humanitarian law, Humanitarian Diplomacy and endeavours to promote humanitarian values for Global Peace. It has total 190 countries as members of the Red Cross / Red Crescent Movement in the world. The Red Cross has a permanent status in the United Nations as an observer.

 

 

OUR PRESENCE IN SINDH

The Red Crescent Society is present in following District Branches with its permanent structure :-

  1. Hyderabad
  2. Mirpurkhas                                  
  3. Thatta
  4. Badin
  5. Tharparkar
  6. Sanghar
  7. Dadu
  8. Larkana
  9. Ghotki
  10. Kambar Shahdadkot
  11. Jacobabad
  12. Shikarpur
  13. Jamshoro
  14. Sukkur
  15. Khairpur
  16. Nawabshah

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STRUCTURE OF THE GOVERNANCE IN SINDH

 

  • Triennial General Body
  • Managing Committee
  • Executive Committee
  • Sub-Committees
    • Finance Committees
    • Audit Committee
    • HR Committee
    • Medical Committee
    • Legal Committee

 

FOUR CORE AREAS OF PRCS

 

The Sindh Branch is providing following services in the four core areas :-

 

 

 

  1. DISASTER MANAGEMENT
  • Disaster Risk Reduction.
  • Disaster Preparedness and Mitigation
  • Disaster Response, Relief and Rehabilitation
  • Tracing of Missing Persons & Restoration of Family Links.
  • Climate Change Adaptation
  • Research & Development in DM
  • BDRT & DDRTs
  • Urban Disaster Response Teams (UDRTs)
  • Training in Disaster Management

 

  1. HEALTH & CARE        

Priority

  • First Aid (training & services)
  • Ambulance Services.
  • Basic Health Care. (B.H.C)
  • Emergency Medical Response.

Others

  • General Hospitals
  • Cardiac Hospital
  • Maternity Homes
  • Immunization Centers
  • Psychological Support Program
  • Water & Sanitation (WATSAN)
  • Mobile Medical Clinics
  • Community Based Health & First Aid (CBHFA)
  • Mass Casualty and Dead Body Management

 

  1.  YOUTH AND VOLUNTEERS
  • Youth development program
  • Recruitment Drives
  • School Safety Program
  • YABC for healthy and safe living
  • Emergency Response Team (ERTs. )
  • Red Crescent Clubs in Schools
  • Skilled training Program.

 

  1. ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT             
  • Legal status and recognition.
  • Constitution
  • Human Resource Development & Management (Staff & Volunteers)
  • Resource Development & Mobilization.
  • Fund raising.
  • Policies, Strategies and five Year Plan of Actions

 

  1. DISASTER MANAGEMENT

The Pakistan being one of the most disaster prone countries in the world is highly venerable especially in Asia.  As per Act of Parliament and the Constitution of the Society, the basic mandate of this organization is Disaster Response and Relief.

 

The field of disaster management in Pakistan is going through a phase of transformation. Increasing frequency of disasters in the country and especially the changed security environment in the region has exacerbated the level of man-made disasters and has raised new  challenges to the  Humanitarian Organizations in general.

 

  1. DISASTER RISK REDUCTION ACTIVITIES

 

The Pakistan Red Crescent Society  has been working on Risk reduction measures throughout the country. The Sindh Branch is running following projects in Sindh.

 

  1. Livelihood

Livelihood project was started after the mega flood of 2010 with the aim to improve the local means of livelihood for extremely poor families who have no other means of income and whose livelihood means were destroyed due to disaster. The Red Crescent  with the support of German Red Cross has signed an MOU with the Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam to provide their technical support for teaching latest methods of forming and kitchen  gardening to the poor formers for raising their income. This program has become very successful  and demanding by the poor people of Thatta & Badin

 

  1. Installation of Solar Water Pumps in Thar

After having proper research work and assessment, it was found that due to poor quality of drinking water, the deseases are spreading in Thar. Specially, the women folks are getting weaker and weaker due to fetching of water from the deep wells.

The PRCS with the support of Canadian Red Cross is in a process of installing 10 solar water pumps in the most vulnerbale villages of Tharparkar. Additionally three pumps  were already installed and working satisfactorily

 

  1. ICBRR (Integrated Community Based Risk Reduction)

With the help of International Federation of Red Cross & Red Crescent Societies, and Norwegian Red Cross Society, the PRCS is running four pilot projects in Districts Tharparkar, Sanghar, Jacobabad and Jamshoro in which real integration approach is being followed in all the subjects of resilience like basic health, identification of hazards and risks, training, early warning system and evacuation drills etc.

 

  1. Climate Change Adaptation

Pakistan Red Crescent Society with the close coordination of International Red Cross / Red Crescent Societies is working in General Awareness of Climate Change Adaptation. The CCA is a part of Disaster Risk Reduction therefore we are practicing this subject is all Disaster Risk Reduction activities in Thatta, Badin, Sanghar, Jamshoro, Tharparkar and Jacobabad.

 

We are also conducting basic awareness sessions in Schools on CCA, tree plantation, and other basic environmental subjects. The Red Crescent also signed MOU with Agriculture University Tando Jam for providing technical support for the poor farmers Thatta and Badin with the consideration of smart climate change for farming and kitchen gardening.

 

  1. EMERGENCY OPERATION CENTER

Realizing the importance of man-made disasters especially act of terrorism has compelled us to develop a special cooping mechanism i.e. “Urban Disaster Response System”. For this, we are in a process to establish an state of ART Emergency Operation Center (EOC) at our Provincial Headquarters building Clifton Karachi. A newly constructed floor will be completed in coming April and the inauguration of the same will be held in May some time. This EOC will have a components of Climate Change, research and development, advance training in DM and a separate coordination system. This will also be connected with almost all emergency related department like PDMA, MET Department, City Government, Traffic Police, CPLC, Institute of Oceanology etc for better coordination and prompt response. This Emergency Operation Centre  will be based on ERTs of PRCS which are already established in Karachi and many disaster prone districts of Sindh.

 

  1. URBAN DISASTER RESPONSE TEAMS (UDRTS )

As a part of Urban Disaster Response System, the Red Crescent has developed Urban Disaster Response Teams in Karachi comprising of local trained volunteers in all districts of Karachi.

These teams all trained in First Aid, Casualty Handing, Basic Rescue, Basic Fire Fighting and Emergency Evacuation.

These teams have been rendering remarkable services in the last 5 years in Karachi and in Sindh as well.

 

  1. RELIEF STOCKS

As per DM  Policy, minimum relief stock of 200 families has to be placed 24/7 at all vulnerable districts.  Therefore we have the relief stocks of 200 families in Following districts:-

 

  1. Hyderabad
  2. Thatta
  3. Badin
  4. Dadu
  5. Mirpurkhas
  6. Larkana
  7. Tharparkar
  8. Sanghar
  9. Sukkur
  10. Khairpur
  11. Jacobabad
  12. Shikarpur

The Provincial Headquarters Karachi is keeping three large size warehouses where we have a stock of the following items:-

  1. Backup relief items of 1000 families
  2. Four water purification plants
  3. Necessary items for Mobile Clinics
  4. Deployment Kits for emergency response teams

 

  1. TRAINING

The Pakistan Red Crescent Society , perhaps is the only orgtinzation which conducts regular courses on disaster management in various subjects. We regularly hold national and provincial workshops on different subjects of disaster management like contingency planning, pre and post disaster assessment, logistics and warehousing, relief and rehabilitation, reporting and communication, emergency health response, Psychological support, mass casualty and dead body management etc.

 

Every year PRC prepare a consolidated document on contingency planning after having series of meetings with all provincial branches and international partners.

 

  1. RESPONSE MECHANISM (global to local)

The International Federation of Red Cross & Red Crescent Societies has a following response mechanism at international, regional and local levels.

 

  1. FACT (Geneva based team comprising of international experts from       all over the world)
  2. RDRT (Region Based team, comprising of technical experts from the      same regional  countries).
  3. NDRT (Country based team comprising of national experts in the           country.
  4. BDRT (Provincial based team comprising of pool of experts available      in the             Province)
  5. DDRT (District based team comprising of pool of experts available in the District)

 

Health & Care

  1. List of Medical Units
  1. General Hospitals in Hyderabad ——- 120 bedded
  2. General Hospital in Sukkur ————— 60 bedded
  • Medical Complex in Khairpur ———— 20 bedded
  1. ICU , CCU and Dialysis Center in Khairpur Civil Hospital
  2. Cardiac Hospital Hyderabad ————– 60 bedded
  3. Day Care Medical Centre in Larkana
  • Maternity Homes in Karachi ————— 01
  • Maternity Homes in Hyderabad ———– 01
  1. Maternity Homes in Khairpur ————– 01
  2. General OPDs Dept. —————————- 41
  3. Labs. —————————————–06
  • Medical Warehouse——————————-01

 

  1. Community Based Health & First Aid (BHFA)

CBHFA is the component of health awareness that focuses the improved health status of vulnerable communities of Districts by provision of preventive health services. The health component consists of PRC CBHFA program focuses on EC, HP/CHM and Nutrition; Physiological Support Program is an integrated part of the CBHFA. The CBHFA out-reached activities carry out CBHFA awareness & Basic preventive services in vulnerable communities.

 

With formation of CBOs/Village Health Committees, the recruitment and registration of community CBHFA Female Coaches & volunteers is done and after their capacity building on CBHFA  through CBHFA ToT, the CBHFA in action is programmed to run the parallel program

 

  1. Ambulance Services

The Sindh Provincial Branch has a fleet of 35 ambulances in all over Sindh. These includes 4×4 ambulance Pajeros for non-metal road and desert areas of Sindh. These were especially purchased from Japan with the conversion of Ambulance facility in the vehicle. In order to meet the disaster situation promptly, we have placed these vehicles on strategic locations like Hyderabad, Mirpurkhas, Sukkur, Khairpur beside Karachi.

 

  1. Training Institute

The Sindh Provincial Branch is the pioneer Branch in training. The training center started in 1985 and converted into full fledged training institute of the Society. today it has more than 16 staff members who are well qualified trainers in First Aid and emergency response subjects.

So far we have been able to train more than 100,000 people in overall Sindh. This training Institute is also extending its facility to outdoor courses to Government offices, police departments, traffic police, highway police, multinational companies , factories and commercial undertakings etc. This institute is also providing complementary classes to the Schools, Colleges and NGOs performing its role of nation building through skill development.

Beside First Aid trainings, the institute offers training courses on specialized subjects such as Disaster Management, assessment and evaluation, vulnerability and capacity assessment, health in emergencies, Psychological Support Program, Leadership development of Youth, Casualty handling, Media and Communication and CBHFA.

 

  1. Water & Sanitation    

The Provincial Headquarters Sindh Branch has 4 Water Purification Plants in which the capacity of converting normal water in to a purified drinking water is 40 to 50 thousand liters per day. These are mobile plants and can be deputed anywhere in Sindh with 48 hours advance notice.

 

We have also constructed more than 100 toilets in different villages of Sindh with the Basic Awareness of Sanitation Classes to the poor people of villages.

 

  1. Mobile Medical Clinics

The Red Crescent Society has a facility of Mobile Medical Camps and Clinics. Regular Series of Free Medical Camps are being done in different villages time to time. These include Basic Lap Test, OPD and Referral System as well.

 

Youth & Volunteers

 

  1. School Safety Program

The terrorist attack on Army Public School in Peshawar in Dec. 2014, and  subsequent number of bomb blasts on education institutions have shaken the entire country and raised serious concerns about safety & security of the children in schools.

Realizing the importance of the situation, the PRC Sindh designed an especial project named as “School Safety Program” under the DRR Component of our DM Program.

This    Program is aimed to improve the skills of the Children and staff for identifying threats / risk and its response in terms of natural & man-made disasters.

We presented this case to the Govt. Authorities and series of meetings were held on this agenda with Commissioner Karachi and the education department of Sindh.

The then Commissioner of Karachi issued few Notifications to all schools and Deputy Commissioners of Karachi to obtain this skills from the Red Crescent.

On March 25th 2016 the formal inauguration ceremony was held in the Governor house where almost 70% concerned government officials attended the program. Minister of    Education, Secretary Education, DG Rangers, Commissioner Karachi,        Deputy Commissioners of the Districts, Director / DIG Counter Terrorism department, office bearers of Private school associations, Principals of Many schools, academia of universities and Colleges, member schools, Media and NGOs.

 

  1. Training of Volunteers

The Sindh Branch runs Volunteer enrolment drive every year and provides necessary trainings facilities to the newly inducted Volunteers. After completion of all formalities, the Red Crescent organizes induction course of five days for the Volunteers.

The Red Crescent also offers advance courses for the senior Volunteers for Disaster Management, relief, rehabilitation, emergency response, leadership trainings, reporting and Volunteer’s Management. The promotion of the Volunteers are based on their level of trainings and experience.

 

  1. Annual Youth Training Camp

In order to provide practical knowledge and skills to the staff and Volunteers of the Red Crescent, the Management of the Red Crescent Society organizes Field Training Camp every year for 200 to 250 Volunteers. This camp provides 90% simulation exercise on various subjects of emergency response, leadership development, crises Management, safety and security, reporting, and team building works.

It is compulsory for all the ERT and UDRT Volunteers to attend this camp. After attending this camp, the Volunteer and staff become capable enough to be deployed anywhere in Sindh for responding emergencies

 

  1. Youth Clubs in Schools

In order to enhance skills of Junior Youth of Pakistan, Red Crescent Society is working in Schools for Youth Development activities and established more than 100 Youth Clubs in different Schools Karachi.

 

These Clubs are aimed to carry forward the Humanitarian activities including skills development which are being providing by the Red Crescent Staff in First Aid, Traffic Safety, School Safety, Basic Fire Prevention Tips, Climate Change Adaptation and Health Care Subjects like HIV / Aids, Communicable Diseases, Hepatitis C etc.

  1. Participation of the Volunteer at national and international level

Red Crescent Management also provides an opportunity to perform their talents at National and International Levels. We do send them to the International competition and training camps in various countries of the World where harness their talent at a bigger level and ultimately use this talent for the development of Youth Department in the Pakistan Red Crescent Society.

 

ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Pakistan Red Crescent Society intends to extend its presence in all districts of Sindh however we have recently managed to construct three new buildings in Districts in the District of Jacobabad, Thatta and Badin not only their offices but also a warehouse, training units and few shops for their income support.

 

  1. Legal status and recognition.

Since the Pakistan Red Crescent Society has been formed under the act of parliament 1974 therefore it has a strong legal base. However with regard to its recognition and to be able to perform its auxiliary role with the Government, these require more close coordination and acceptance by the Government at every level. We request that the Government should give the Society a permanent status in their system i.e. PDMA, DDMA, Education Department, Health Department and Relief Department etc.

 

  1. Constitution

In compliance to the act of parliament 1974 the PRC has its own constitution at National Level and 5 sub-constitutions at provincial Levels to make it more adaptable in line with the cultural and geographical requirement.

 

The National Headquarters of PRCS is in a process to make one unified constitution of the entire PRCS. The process is going on with the consultation of all the Provincial Branches.

  1. Human Resource Development & Management (Staff & Volunteers)

In order to utilize the human resource of the organization at its maximum level, the in-house training packages are available for the staff and volunteers for their skills development. The Society also send them to the International Trainings, Conferences & Workshops for their regular updating.

 

Since the main job of Red Crescent is Disaster Management and Health therefore the Society cannot afford to have rapid turnover of the staff therefore keeping the consistency of the staff and volunteers is the most important factor in the Society. The technical staff and volunteers of the Society are an asset of the organization.

  1. Resource Development & Mobilization.

As per mandate of the Society we need to extend our Humanitarian Services to all corners of Pakistan, therefore the resource development is one of the biggest challenge of the Society as a whole.

 

In Sindh Branch we have been successfully extending our presence in many districts and at the same time converting the weaker districts in to a strong district. We have constructed an office building and warehouse in District Branch Jacobabad, Thatta and Badin, which cost more than Rs. 30 millions.

  1. Fund Raising.

Being a charitable organization, this Society cannot earn the money from its outlets / facilities on a commercial basis. Our services are being operated on a nominal charges and mostly free for the poor people, therefore it is difficult to maintain its funding for the needy people. The Government does not give us annual grant, therefore no regular funding is available to run this noble work.

Fund Raising has become has very important component of our projects as the donor does not normally give the salaries or administrative cost of the projects.

We are exploring the possibilities of going joint venture with the corporate sector in Basic Health like Mother & Child Care, School Safety Program and Provision of Solar and Water Pumps in the desert areas of Thar.

It is almost difficult to maintain the funding line up from minus. We therefore request our President /Governor of Sindh to help us in this regard.

  1. Policies, Strategies and five Year Plan of Actions

The Pakistan Red Crescent Society is strong enough in developing its clear guide lines and policies for many humanitarian works.

 

Following documents are available in printed form for the guidance of the Staff and Volunteers.

  1. Strategy 2020
  2. Organization Development Policy
  3. Disaster Management Policy
  4. Contingency Plan of the Society (Every Year)
  5. Health Policy
  6. Youth Policy
  7. First Aid Policy

These Policies are in line with the regional and Global Policies and Guide Lines of the International Red Cross / Red Crescent Movement.

 

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