Pakistan frequently experiences large-scale natural disasters such as earthquakes, landslides, drought, cyclones, and flooding throughout the year. These, coupled with unsustainable environmental practices and limited natural fresh water resources, constitute tremendous challenges for humanitarian assistance. Pakistan still suffers from a high infant and maternal mortality, a double burden of diseases, and inadequate health care facilities with high population growth.
It has long been recognized that people from local communities are the first to be affected and therefore the first to respond to disasters and health crises. For this reason, Red Cross and Red Crescent National Societies, conduct ongoing programs which focus on preparing at-risk communities, by reducing their vulnerabilities and creating a volunteer force to resist them. National Societies work closely with communities to reduce risk, mitigate the effects of, prepare to respond, respond to and recover from disasters or health issues.
Community-based risk reduction can play a major role in building safer, more resilient communities. Therefore, the model of Integrated Community-based risk-reduction Program is more appropriate in promoting community ownership and sustainability.